Thor Grünbaum

Thor Grünbaum

Associate Professor

Primary fields of research

Head of the Cognition, Intention, and Action Group (CoInAct)

CoInAct is an interdisciplinary research group, performing experimental and theoretical research within cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology and philosophy of mind and action:

My research is focused on a number of issues in philosophy of action (mind), philosophy of psychology, and philosophy of science.

  • Philosophy of action/mind: Agent’s knowledge, intentions, control of action, sense of agency
  • Philosophy of psychology/cognitive neuroscience: Relation between common-sense psychology and scientific psychology, individuation of computational mechanisms, perception-action models
  • Philosophy of science: Model testing, under-determination problems in cognitive neuroscience, mechanistic explanation.

Selected Publications (for a full list)

Philosophy of action and mind:

  • Grünbaum, T., & Kyllingsbæk, S. (2020). Is Remembering to do a Special Kind of Memory? Review of Philosophy and Psychology.
  • Grünbaum, T. (2013). Seeing what I am doing. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 86(2), 295-318.
  • Grünbaum, T. (2011). Perception and non-inferential knowledge of action. Philosophical Explorations, 14(2), 153-167.
  • Grünbaum, T. (2009). Anscombe and Practical Knowledge of What is Happening. Grazer Philosophische Studien, 78, 41-67.

Philosophy of psychology/cognitive neuroscience:

  • Grünbaum, T. & Christensen, M.S. (2020). Measures of Agency. Neuroscience of Consciousness, 6(1): niaa019.
  • Grünbaum, T. (2018). The Two Visual Systems Hypothesis and Contrastive Underdetermination. Synthese. DOI:
  • Grünbaum, T. (2017). The Perception-Action Model: Counting Computational Mechanisms. Mind & Language, 32(4), 416-445.
  • Grünbaum, T. (2015). The feeling of agency hypothesis: a critique. Synthese, 192(10), 3313-3337.

Experimental and theoretical work in cognitive psychology/neuroscience:

  • Christensen, M. S., & Grünbaum, T. (2018). Sense of agency for movements. Consciousness and Cognition, 65, 27-47.
  • Christiansen, J. H., Christensen, J. H., Grünbaum, T., & Kyllingsbæk, S. (2014). A Common Representation of Spatial Features Drives Action and Perception: Grasping and Judging Object Features within Trials. PloS one, 9(5), 1-14. [e94744].
  • Overgaard, M., & Grünbaum, T. (2012). Cognitive and non-cognitive conceptions of consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16(3), 137-137.
  • Overgaard, M., & Grünbaum, T. (2011). Consciousness and modality: On the possible preserved visual consciousness in blindsight subjects. Consciousness and Cognition, (20), 1855–1859.

Major Research Grants

  • DFF 2016-2021: PI on collaborative research project (DKK 5,670,757): "Intention, Selection, and Agency" (with Professor of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Søren Kyllingsbæk)
  • DFF 2012-2015: Co-PI on collaborative research project (DKK 6,254,816): “Phenomenal Consciousness and Cognitive Motor Control” (with Associate Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience, Aarhus University, Morten Overgaard (PI)).
  • DFF 2010-2014: Co-PI on collaborative research project (DKK 7,783,200): “Intentional action, attention to objects, and working memory” (with Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Copenhagen, Søren Kyllingsbæk (PI)).

Service to profession

  • Associate Editor of Philosophical Explorations (2015-)
  • Referee for public and private research foundations: European Research Council, The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, The Welcome Foundation
  • Ad hoc reviewer: Mind, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Philosophical Studies, Synthese, Philosophical Quarterly, Mind & Language, Philosophical Psychology
  • President of Danish Society for Philosophy and Psychology (2009-)

Teaching and supervision

I teach and supervise in most areas of theoretical philosophy: philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of language. Students are more than welcome to contact me if they want to know more or to discuss ideas or questions about their thesis.

Office hours: Monday to Friday (I'm often in my office, just drop by or send me an email first).

I also teach and supervise MA theses in our cognitive science programme.

Recently taught courses:




Cognitive Science:


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